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Ph.D de

Group : Large-scale Heterogeneous DAta and Knowledge

Efficient querying for the semantic Web

Starts on 01/10/2010
Advisor : GOASDOUE, François

Funding :
Affiliation : Université Paris-Sud
Laboratory : LRI IASI

Defended on 27/09/2013, committee :
Directeurs de thèse
M. François Goasdoué, Professeur, Univ. Paris-Sud
Mme. Ioana Manolescu, DR, Inria Saclay
M. Bernd Amann, Professeur, Univ. Pierre et Marie Curie
M. Stefano Ceri, Professeur, Politecnico di Milano
M. David Gross-Amblard, Professeur, Univ. de Rennes 1
Mme. Christine Froidevaux, Professeur, Univ. Paris-Sud

Research activities :

Abstract :
Since the beginning of the Semantic Web, RDF and SPARQL have become the standard data model and query language to describe resources on the Web. Large amounts of RDF data are now available either as stand-alone datasets or as metadata over semi-structured documents, typically XML. The ability to apply RDF annotations over XML data emphasizes the need to represent and query data and metadata simultaneously. While significant efforts have been invested into producing and publishing annotations manually or automatically, little attention has been devoted to exploiting such data.
This thesis aims at setting database foundations for the management of hybrid XML-RDF data. We present a data model capturing the structural aspects of XML data and the semantics of RDF. Our model is general enough to describe pure XML or RDF datasets, as well as RDF-annotated XML data, where any XML node can act as a resource. We also introduce the XRQ query language that combines features of both XQuery and SPARQL. XRQ not only allows querying the structure of documents and the semantics of their annotations, but also producing annotated semi-structured data on-the-fly.
We introduce the problem of query composition in XRQ, and exhaustively study query evaluation techniques for XR data to demonstrate the feasibility of this data management setting. We have developed an XR platform on top of well-known data management systems for XML and RDF. The platform features several query processing algorithms, whose performance is experimentally compared. We present an application built on top of the XR platform. The application provides manual and automatic annotation tools, and an interface to query annotated Web page and publicly available XML and RDF datasets concurrently. As a generalization of RDF and SPARQL, XR and XRQ enables RDFS-type of query answering. In this respect, we present a technique to support RDFS-entailments in RDF (and by extension XR) data management systems.

Ph.D. dissertations & Faculty habilitations
The original manuscript conceptualizes the recent rise of digital platforms along three main dimensions: their nature of coordination devices fueled by data, the ensuing transformations of labor, and the accompanying promises of societal innovation. The overall ambition is to unpack the coordination role of the platform and where it stands in the horizon of the classical firm – market duality. It is also to precisely understand how it uses data to do so, where it drives labor, and how it accommodates socially innovative projects. I extend this analysis to show continuity between today’s society dominated by platforms and the “organizational society”, claiming that platforms are organized structures that distribute resources, produce asymmetries of wealth and power, and push social innovation to the periphery of the system. I discuss the policy implications of these tendencies and propose avenues for follow-up research.