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Ph.D de

Ph.D
Group : Human-Centered Computing

Interactive Prototyping of Interactions: From Throwaway Prototypes to Takeaway Prototyping

Starts on 01/10/2015
Advisor : BEAUDOUIN-LAFON, Michel

Funding : Contrat doctoral organisme (EPST, EPA ayant une mission d'enseignement supérieur)
Affiliation : Université Paris-Sud
Laboratory : LRI - HCC

Defended on 12/12/2018, committee :
Directeur de these :
- Michel BEAUDOUIN-LAFON, Université Paris-Sud.

Rapporteurs:
- Björn HARTMANN, UC Berkeley;
- Nicolai MARQUARDT, UCL Interaction Centre.

Examinateurs :
- Jan BORCHERS, RWTH Aachen University;
- Fanny CHEVALIER, University of Toronto;
- Jean-Daniel FEKETE, INRIA Saclay.

Research activities :

Abstract :
Interaction designers rely on rapid prototyping to explore ideas with throwaway artifacts. I argue that novel rapid prototyping tools can be built to effectively support disposable as well as reusable artifacts for sketching interactive behaviors. I present two new tools for video prototyping -VideoClipper and Montage-, a classification of the most common problems during designer-developer collaboration, and four principles to mitigate them. I applied these principles to create a novel collaborative prototyping tool called Enact. Results suggest that Enact helps participants detect more edge cases, increases designers' participation and provides new opportunities for co-creation. Then, I reflect on the underlying theoretical principles of the three tools: reification, polymorphism, reuse and information substrates. Finally, I present Takeaway Prototyping, a new prototyping approach focused on bringing iterative prototyping to early-stage design.