@inproceedings{ConchonIJMF17, author = {Sylvain Conchon and Mohamed Iguernelala and Kailiang Ji and Guillaume Melquiond and Cl{\'{e}}ment Fumex}, title = {A Three-Tier Strategy for Reasoning About Floating-Point Numbers in {SMT}}, booktitle = {Computer Aided Verification - 29th International Conference, {CAV} 2017, Heidelberg, Germany, July 24-28, 2017, Proceedings, Part {II}}, pages = {419--435}, year = {2017}, abstract = { The SMT-LIB standard defines a formal semantics for a theory of floating-point (FP) arithmetic (FPA). This formalization reduces FP operations to reals by means of a rounding operator, as done in the IEEE-754 standard. Closely following this description, we propose a three-tier strategy to reason about FPA in SMT solvers. The first layer is a purely axiomatic implementation of the automatable semantics of the SMT-LIB standard. It reasons with exceptional cases (e.g. overflows, division by zero, undefined operations) and reduces finite representable FP expressions to reals using the rounding operator. At the core of our strategy, a second layer handles a set of lemmas about the properties of rounding. For these lemmas to be used effectively, we extend the instantiation mechanism of SMT solvers to tightly cooperate with the third layer, the NRA engine of SMT solvers, which provides interval information. We implemented our strategy in the Alt-Ergo SMT solver and validated it on a set of benchmarks coming from the SMT-LIB competition, but also from the deductive verification of C and SPARK programs. The results show that our approach is promising and compete with existing techniques implemented in state-of-the-art SMT solvers. } }

@article{DrossCKP16, author = {Claire Dross and Sylvain Conchon and Johannes Kanig and Andrei Paskevich}, title = {Adding Decision Procedures to {SMT} Solvers Using Axioms with Triggers}, journal = {J. Autom. Reasoning}, volume = {56}, number = {4}, pages = {387--457}, year = {2016} }

@inproceedings{ConchonI16, author = {Sylvain Conchon and Mohamed Iguernelala}, title = {Increasing Proofs Automation Rate of Atelier-B Thanks to Alt-Ergo}, booktitle = {Reliability, Safety, and Security of Railway Systems. Modelling, Analysis, Verification, and Certification - First International Conference, RSSRail 2016, Paris, France, June 28-30, 2016, Proceedings}, pages = {243--253}, year = {2016}, abstract = { In this paper, we report on our recent improvements in the Alt-Ergo SMT solver to make it effective in discharging proof obligations (POs) translated from the Atelier-B framework. In particular, we made important modifications in its internal data structures to boost performances of its core decision procedures, we improved quantifiers instantiation heuristics, and enhanced the interaction between the SAT solver and the decision procedures. We also introduced a new plugin architecture to facilitate experiments with different SAT engines, and implemented a profiling plugin to track and identify ``bottlenecks'' when a formula requires a long time to be discharged, or makes the solver timeout. Experiments made with more than 10,000 POs generated from real industrial B projects show significant improvements compared to both previous versions of Alt-Ergod and Aterlier-B's automatic main prover.} }

@inproceedings{ConchonIM17, author = {Sylvain Conchon and Mohamed Iguernelala and Alain Mebsout}, title = {AltGr-Ergo, a Graphical User Interface for the {SMT} Solver Alt-Ergo}, booktitle = {Proceedings of the 12th Workshop on User Interfaces for Theorem Provers, {UITP} 2016, Coimbra, Portugal, 2nd July 2016.}, pages = {1--13}, year = {2016}, abstract = { Due to undecidability and complexity of first-order logic, SMT solvers may not terminate on some problems or require a very long time. When this happens, one would like to find the reasons why the solver fails. To this end, we have designed \agr, an interactive graphical interface for the SMT solver AltGr-Ergo which allows users and tool developers to help the solver finish some proofs. AltGr-Ergo gives real time feedback in order to evaluate and quantify progress made by the solver, and also offers various syntactic manipulation options to allow a finer grained interaction with AltGr-Ergo. This paper describes these features and their implementation, and gives usage scenarios for most of them. } }

@inproceedings{ConchonMZ15, author = {Sylvain Conchon and Alain Mebsout and Fatiha Za{\"{\i}}di}, title = {Certificates for Parameterized Model Checking}, booktitle = {{FM} 2015: Formal Methods - 20th International Symposium, Oslo, Norway, June 24-26, 2015, Proceedings}, pages = {126--142}, year = {2015}, abstract = { This paper presents a technique for the certification of Cubicle, a model checker for proving safety properties of parameterized systems. To increase the confidence in its results, Cubicle now produces a proof object (or certificate) that, if proven valid, guarantees that the answer for this specific input is correct. % The main challenges addressed in this paper are (1) the production of such certificates without degrading the performances of the model checker and (2) the construction of these proof objects so that they can be independently and efficiently verified by an SMT solver. Since the burden of correctness insurance now relies on this external solver, a stronger guarantee is obtained by the use of multiple backend automatic provers for redundancy. % Experiments show that our approach does not impact Cubicle's performances and that we were able to verify certificates for challenging parameterized problems. As a byproduct, these certificates allowed us to find subtle and critical implementation bugs in Cubicle.} }

@proceedings{icfem2015, editor = {Michael Butler and Sylvain Conchon and Fatiha Za{\"{\i}}di}, title = {Formal Methods and Software Engineering - 17th International Conference on Formal Engineering Methods, {ICFEM} 2015, Paris, France, November 3-5, 2015, Proceedings}, series = {Lecture Notes in Computer Science}, volume = {9407}, publisher = {Springer}, year = {2015}, isbn = {978-3-319-25422-7} }

@inproceedings{ConchonI14, author = {Sylvain Conchon and Mohamed Iguernelala}, title = {Tuning the Alt-Ergo {SMT} Solver for {B} Proof Obligations}, booktitle = {Abstract State Machines, Alloy, B, TLA, VDM, and {Z} - 4th International Conference, {ABZ} 2014, Toulouse, France, June 2-6, 2014. Proceedings}, pages = {294--297}, year = {2014} }

@inproceedings{ConchonDMM14, author = {Sylvain Conchon and David Declerck and Luc Maranget and Alain Mebsout}, title = {V{\'{e}}rification de programmes {C} concurrents avec Cubicle : Enfoncer les barri{\`{e}}res}, booktitle = {25. Journ{\'{e}}es francophones des langages applicatifs, Fr{\'{e}}jus, France, January 8-11, 2014.}, pages = {17--32}, year = {2014} }

@inproceedings{conchonSMT12, author = {Sylvain Conchon and Guillaume Melquiond and Cody Roux and Mohamed Iguernelala}, title = {{Built-in Treatment of an Axiomatic Floating-Point Theory for SMT Solvers}}, booktitle = {SMT workshop 2012}, year = {To appear}, location = {Manchester, UK} }

@inproceedings{drossSMT12, author = {Claire Dross and Sylvain Conchon and Johannes Kanig and Andrei Paskevich}, title = {{Reasoning with Triggers}}, booktitle = {SMT workshop 2012}, year = {To appear}, location = {Manchester, UK} }

@article{conchonLMCS12, author = {Sylvain Conchon and \'Evelyne Contejean and Mohamed Iguernelala}, title = {{Canonized Rewriting and Ground AC Completion Modulo Shostak Theories: Design and Implementation}}, journal = {Logical Methods in Computer Science}, year = {To appear} }

@inproceedings{conchon12cav, author = {Sylvain Conchon and Amit Goel and Sava Krsti{\'c} and Alain Mebsout and Fatiha Za\"idi}, title = {{Cubicle: A Parallel SMT-based Model Checker for Parameterized Systems}}, booktitle = {CAV 2012: Proceedings of the 24th International Conference on Computer Aided Verification}, year = {2012}, editor = {Madhusudan Parthasarathy and Sanjit A. Seshia}, series = {Lecture Notes in Computer Science}, month = {July}, address = {Berkeley, California, USA}, publisher = {Springer Verlag}, abstract = { Cubicle is a new model checker for verifying safety properties of parameterized systems. It implements a parallel symbolic backward reachability procedure using Satisfiabilty Modulo Theories. Experiments done on classic and challenging mutual exclusion algorithms and cache coherence protocols show that Cubicle is effective and competitive with state-of-the-art model checkers.} }

@inproceedings{bobot12ijcar, author = {Fran\c cois Bobot and Sylvain Conchon and Evelyne Contejean and Mohamed Iguernelala and Assia Mahboubi and Alain Mebsout and Guillaume Melquiond}, title = {{A Simplex-Based Extension of Fourier-Motzkin for Solving Linear Integer Arithmetic}}, booktitle = {IJCAR 2012 : Proceedings of the 6th International Joint Conference on Automated Reasoning}, year = {2012}, editor = {Bernhard Gramlich and Dale Miller and Ulrike Sattler}, series = {Lecture Notes in Computer Science}, address = {Manchester, UK}, month = {June}, publisher = {Springer Verlag}, abstract = {This paper describes a novel decision procedure for quantifier-free linear integer arithmetic. Standard techniques usually relax the initial problem to the rational domain and then proceed either by projection (e.g. Omega-Test) or by branching/cutting methods (branch-and-bound, branch-and-cut, Gomory cuts). Our approach tries to bridge the gap between the two techniques: it interleaves an exhaustive search for a model with bounds inference. These bounds are computed provided an oracle capable of finding constant positive linear combinations of affine forms. We also show how to design an efficient oracle based on the Simplex procedure. Our algorithm is proved sound, complete, and terminating and is implemented in the Alt-Ergo theorem prover. Experimental results are promising and show that our approach is competitive with state-of-the-art SMT solvers.} }

@inproceedings{conchon11tacas, author = {Sylvain Conchon and \'Evelyne Contejean and Mohamed Iguernelala}, title = {{Canonized Rewriting and Ground AC Completion Modulo Shostak Theories}}, booktitle = {TACAS 2011: Proceedings of the 17h Tools and Algorithms for the Construction and Analysis of Systems}, year = 2011, month = mar, editor = {Parosh A. Abdulla and K. Rustan M. Leino}, publisher = {Springer Verlag}, series = {Lecture Notes in Computer Science}, address = {Saarbrucken, Germany}, url = {http://www.lri.fr/~conchon/publis/conchon-tacas2011.pdf}, abstract = { AC-completion efficiently handles equality modulo associative and commutative function symbols. When the input is ground, the procedure terminates and provides a decision algorithm for the word problem. In this paper, we present a modular extension of ground AC-completion for deciding formulas in the combination of the theory of equality with user-defined AC symbols, uninterpreted symbols and an arbitrary signature disjoint Shostak theory X. Our algorithm, called AC(X), is obtained by augmenting in a modular way ground AC-completion with the canonizer and solver present for the theory X. This integration rests on canonized rewriting, a new relation reminiscent to normalized rewriting, which integrates canonizers in rewriting steps. AC(X) is proved sound, complete and terminating, and is implemented to extend the core of the Alt-Ergo theorem prover. } }

@inproceedings{conchon10lpar17short, author = {Sylvain Conchon and Evelyne Contejean and Mohame Iguernelala}, title = {Ground Associative and Commutative Completion Modulo Shostak Theories}, booktitle = {LPAR 17}, year = {2010}, address = {Yogyakarta, Indonesia}, note = {Short paper}, publisher = {Easychair Proceedings}, url = {htpp://www.lri.fr/~conchon/publis/conchon-lpar17-short.pdf}, abstract = {AC-completion efficiently handles equality modulo associative and commutative function symbols. In the ground case, the procedure terminates and provides a decision algorithm for the word problem. In this paper, we present a modular extension of ground AC-completion for deciding formulas in the combination of the theory of equality with user-defined AC symbols, uninterpreted symbols and an arbitrary signature disjoint Shostak theory X. The main ideas of our algorithm are first to adapt the definition of rewriting in order to integrate the canonizer of X and second, to replace the equation orientation mechanism found in ground AC-completion with the solver for X.} }

@inproceedings{conchon10jfla, author = {Conchon, Sylvain and Filli\^atre, Jean-Christophe and Le Fessant, Fabrice and Robert, Julien and Von Tokarski, Guillaume}, title = {{Observation temps-r\'e\`el de programmes Caml}}, year = {2010}, address = {Vieux-Port La Ciotat, France}, publisher = {Hermann}, url = {http://www.lri.fr/~conchon/publis/ocamlviz-jfla2010.pdf}, abstract = {Pour mettre au point un programme, tant du point de vue de sa correction que de ses performances, il est naturel de chercher \`a observer son ex\'ecution. On peut ainsi cherche \`a observer la gestion de la m\'emoire, le temps pass\'e dans une certaine partie du code, ou encore certaines valeurs calcul\'ees par le programme. De nombreux outils permettent de telles observations (moniteur syst\`eme, profiler ou debugger g\'en\'eriques ou sp\'ecifiques au langage, instrumentation explicite du code, etc.). Ces outils ne proposent cependant que des analyses << apr\`es coup >> ou des observations tr\`es limit\'ees. Cet article pr\'esente Ocamlviz une biblioth\`eque pour instrumenter du code Ocaml et des outils pour visualiser ensuite son ex\'ecution, en temps-r\'eel et de mani\`ere distante.} }

@inproceedings{lescuyer09frocos, author = {St{\'e}phane Lescuyer and Sylvain Conchon}, title = {Improving Coq Propositional Reasoning Using a Lazy CNF Conversion Scheme}, booktitle = {FroCos}, publisher = {Springer}, series = {Lecture Notes in Computer Science}, volume = {5749}, isbn = {978-3-642-04221-8}, year = {2009}, pages = {287-303}, url = {http://www.lri.fr/~conchon/publis/lescuyer-conchon-frocos09.pdf}, abstract = {In an attempt to improve automation capabilities in the Coq proof assistant, we develop a tactic for the propositional fragment based on the DPLL procedure. Although formulas naturally arising in interactive proofs do not require a state-of-the-art SAT solver, the conversion to clausal form required by DPLL strongly damages the performance of the procedure. In this paper, we present a reflexive DPLL algorithm formalized in Coq which outperforms the existing tactics. It is tightly coupled with a lazy CNF conversion scheme which, unlike Tseitin-style approaches, does not disrupt the procedure. This conversion relies on a lazy mechanism which requires slight adaptations of the original DPLL. As far as we know, this is the first formal proof of this mechanism and its Coq implementation raises interesting challenges.} }

@inproceedings{lescuyer08tphol, author = {St\'ephane Lescuyer and Sylvain Conchon}, title = {{A Reflexive Formalization of a SAT Solver in Coq}}, booktitle = {TPHOLs 2008: In Emerging Trends of the 21st International Conference on Theorem Proving in Higher Order Logics (TPHOLs)}, year = 2008, url = {http://www.lri.fr/~conchon/publis/lescuyer-conchon-tphols08.pdf}, abstract = {We present a Coq formalization of an algorithm deciding the satisfiability of propositional formulas (SAT). This SAT solver is described as a set of inference rules in a manner that is independent of the actual representation of propositional variables and formulas. We prove soundness and completeness for this system, and instantiate our solver directly on the propositional fragment of Coq's logic in order to obtain a fully reflexive tactic. Such a tactic represents a first and important step towards our ultimate goal of embedding an automated theorem prover inside the Coq system. We also extract a certified OCaml implementation of the algorithm} }

@inproceedings{conchon08smt, author = {Fran\c{c}ois Bobot and Sylvain Conchon and Evelyne Contejean and St\'ephane Lescuyer}, title = {{Implementing Polymorphism in SMT solvers}}, booktitle = {SMT '08/BPR '08: Proceedings of the Joint Workshops of the 6th International Workshop on Satisfiability Modulo Theories and 1st International Workshop on Bit-Precise Reasoning}, year = {2008}, isbn = {978-1-60558-440-9}, pages = {1--5}, location = {Princeton, New Jersey}, doi = {http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1512464.1512466}, publisher = {ACM}, address = {New York, NY, USA}, url = {http://www.lri.fr/~conchon/publis/conchon-smt08.pdf}, abstract = { Based on our experience with the development of Alt-Ergo, we show a small number of modifications needed to bring parametric polymorphism to our SMT solver. The first one occurs in the typing module where unification is now necessary for solving polymorphic constraints over types. The second one consists in extending triggers' definition in order to deal with both term and type variables. Last, the matching module must be modified to account for the instantiation of type variables. We hope that this experience is convincing enough to raise interest for polymorphism in the SMT community. } }

@article{conchon-entcs-08, author = {Sylvain Conchon and Evelyne Contejean and Johannes Kanig and St\'ephane Lescuyer}, title = {CC(X): Semantic Combination of Congruence Closure with Solvable Theories}, journal = {Electronic Notes in Theoretical Computer Science}, volume = {198}, month = {May}, year = {2008}, pages = {51-69}, number = {2}, url = {http://www.lri.fr/~conchon/publis/conchon-entcs08.pdf}, abstract = {We present a generic congruence closure algorithm for deciding ground formulas in the combination of the theory of equality with uninterpreted symbols and an arbitrary built-in solvable theory X. Our algorithm CC(X) is reminiscent of Shostak combination: it maintains a union-find data-structure modulo X from which maximal information about implied equalities can be directly used for congruence closure. CC(X) diverges from Shostak's approach by the use of semantic values for class representatives instead of canonized terms. Using semantic values truly reflects the actual implementation of the decision procedure for X. It also enforces to entirely rebuild the algorithm since global canonization, which is at the heart of Shostak combination, is no longer feasible with semantic values. CC(X) has been implemented in Ocaml and is at the core of Ergo, a new automated theorem prover dedicated to program verification.} }

@inproceedings{ConchonFilliatre08esop, author = {Sylvain Conchon and Jean-Christophe Filli\^atre}, title = {{Semi-Persistent Data Structures}}, booktitle = {17th European Symposium on Programming (ESOP'08)}, year = 2008, address = {Budapest, Hungary}, note = {Short version of~\cite{ConchonFilliatre07spdsrr}}, url = {http://www.lri.fr/~conchon/publis/spds-esop08.pdf}, abstract = { A data structure is said to be \emph{persistent} when any update operation returns a new structure without altering the old version. This paper introduces a new notion of persistence, called \emph{semi-persistence}, where only ancestors of the most recent version can be accessed or updated. Making a data structure semi-persistent may improve its time and space complexity. This is of particular interest in backtracking algorithms manipulating persistent data structures, where this property is usually satisfied. We propose a proof system to statically check the valid use of semi-persistent data structures. It requires a few annotations from the user and then generates proof obligations that are automatically discharged by a dedicated decision procedure.} }

@inproceedings{Conchon08, author = {Sylvain Conchon and Johannes Kanig and St\'ephane Lescuyer}, title = {{SAT-Micro : petit mais costaud!}}, booktitle = {Dix-neuvi\`emes Journ\'ees Francophones des Langages Applicatifs}, year = 2008, address = {\'Etretat, France}, publisher = {INRIA}, url = {http://www.lri.fr/~conchon/publis/conchon-jfla08.ps}, abstract = { Le probl\`eme SAT, qui consiste \`a d\'eterminer si une formule bool\'eenne est satisfaisable, est un des probl\`emes NP-complets les plus c\'el\`ebres et aussi un des plus \'etudi\'es. Bas\'es initialement sur la proc\'edure DPLL, les SAT-solvers modernes ont connu des progr\`es spectaculaires ces dix derni\`eres ann\'ees dans leurs performances, essentiellement gr\^ace \`a deux optimisations: le retour en arri\`ere non-chronologique et l'apprentissage par analyse des clauses conflits. Nous proposons dans cet article une \'etude formelle du fonctionnement de ces techniques ainsi qu'une r\'ealisation en Ocaml d'un SAT-solver, baptis\'e SAT-Micro, int\'egrant ces optimisations ainsi qu'une mise en forme normale conjonctive paresseuse. Le fonctionnement de SAT-Micro est d\'ecrit par un ensemble de r\`egles d'inf\'erence et la taille de son code, 70 lignes au total, permet d'envisager sa certification compl\`ete. } }

@inproceedings{ConchonAFM07, author = {Sylvain Conchon and Evelyne Contejean and Johannes Kanig and St\'ephane Lescuyer}, title = {{Lightweight Integration of the Ergo Theorem Prover inside a Proof Assistant}}, booktitle = {{Second Automated Formal Methods workshop series (AFM07)}}, year = 2007, address = {Atlanta, Georgia, USA}, month = {November}, abstract = {Ergo is a little engine of proof dedicated to program verification. It fully supports quantifiers and directly handles polymorphic sorts. Its core component is CC(X), a new combination scheme for the theory of uninterpreted symbols parameterized by a built-in theory X. In order to make a sound integration in a proof assistant possible, Ergo is capable of generating proof traces for CC(X). Alternatively, Ergo can also be called interactively as a simple oracle without further verification. It is currently used to prove correctness of C and Java programs as part of the Why platform. }, url = {http://www.lri.fr/~conchon/publis/conchon-afm07.pdf} }

@inproceedings{ConchonFilliatre07, author = {Sylvain Conchon and Jean-Christophe Filli\^atre}, title = {{A Persistent Union-Find Data Structure}}, booktitle = {ACM SIGPLAN Workshop on ML}, year = 2007, address = {Freiburg, Germany}, month = {October}, abstract = { The problem of disjoint sets, also known as union-find, consists in maintaining a partition of a finite set within a data structure. This structure provides two operations: a function find returning the class of an element and a function union merging two classes. An optimal and imperative solution is known since 1975. However, the imperative nature of this data structure may be a drawback when it is used in a backtracking algorithm. This paper details the implementation of a persistent union-find data structure as efficient as its imperative counterpart. To achieve this result, our solution makes heavy use of imperative features and thus it is a significant example of a data structure whose side effects are safely hidden behind a persistent interface. To strengthen this last claim, we also detail a formalization using the Coq proof assistant which shows both the correctness of our solution and its observational persistence}, url = {http://www.lri.fr/~conchon/publis/conchon-ml07.ps} }

@unpublished{Conchon08traces, author = {Sylvain Conchon and Evelyne Contejean and Johannes Kanig}, title = {{Lightweight Equality Certificates by Double Blind Traces}}, url = {http://www.lri.fr/~conchon/publis/traces.ps}, month = {Oct}, year = 2007, abstract = {We present a mechanism to automate equality proofs in skeptical proof assistants. The equality we consider is the combination of the pure theory of equality over uninterpreted symbols and a built-in decidable theory X. Our approach is intermediate between traditional complete proof reconstruction and verified provers. Reasoning about X is implemented independently in the proof assistant and as an external decision procedure. This double blind computation enables both tools to interact only by lightweight traces about pure equalities which are produced by the decision procedure and interpreted by the proof assistant. We validate our approach with the Coq proof assistant and our decision procedure CC(X), a congruence closure algorithm modulo a built-in theory. CC(X) is implemented as a module parameterized by X and the Coq development follows the same modular architecture. Currently, we have instantiated X by the theory of linear arithmetic.} }

@techreport{ConchonFilliatre07spdsrr, author = {Sylvain Conchon and Jean-Christophe Filli\^atre}, title = {{Semi-Persistent Data Structures}}, institution = {{LRI, Universit\'e Paris Sud}}, type = {{Research Report}}, number = {1474}, month = {September}, year = 2007, url = {http://www.lri.fr/~conchon/publis/spds-rr.pdf}, abstract = { A data structure is said to be persistent when any update operation returns a new structure without altering the old version. This paper introduces a new notion of persistence, called semi-persistence, where only ancestors of the most recent version can be accessed or updated. Making a data structure semi-persistent may improve its time and space complexity. This is of particular interest in backtracking algorithms manipulating persistent data structures, where this property is usually satisfied. We propose a proof system to statically check the valid use of semi-persistent data structures. It requires a few annotations from the user and then generates proof obligations that are automatically discharged by a dedicated decision procedure. Additionally, we give some examples of semi-persistent data structures (arrays, lists and hash tables).} }

@inproceedings{conchonsmt07, author = {Sylvain Conchon and Evelyne Contejean and Johannes Kanig}, title = {{CC(X): Efficiently Combining Equality and Solvable Theories without Canonizers}}, booktitle = {5th International Workshop on Satisfiability Modulo}, year = 2007, address = {Berlin, Germany}, month = jul, topics = {team, lri}, abstract = {We present a generic congruence closure algorithm for deciding ground formulas in the combination of the theory of equality with uninterpreted symbols and a union X of solvable theories. Our algorithm CC(X) is reminiscent of Shostak combination: it maintains a union-find data-structure modulo X from which maximal information about implied equalities can be directly used for congruence closure. CC(X) diverges from Shostak approach by the use of semantical values for class representatives instead of syntactical canonizers. This seemingly insignificant difference has strong impact on efficiency and expressiveness. It also enforces to entirely rebuild the algorithm since global canonization, which is at the heart of Shostak combination, is no longer feasible with semantical values. CC(X) has been implemented in Ocaml and is at the core of Ergo, a new automated theorem prover dedicated to program verification.}, url = {http://www.lri.fr/~conchon/publis/conchon-smt07.ps} }

@incollection{conchon07tfpbook, author = {Sylvain Conchon and Jean-Christophe Filli\^atre and Julien Signoles}, title = {{Designing a Generic Graph Library using ML Functors}}, booktitle = {Trends in Functional Programming}, publisher = {Intellect}, year = 2007, volume = 8, note = {to appear}, topics = {team, lri}, type_publi = {irevcomlec} }

@inproceedings{ocamlgraphTFP07, author = {Sylvain Conchon and Jean-Christophe Filli\^atre and Julien Signoles}, title = {{Designing a Generic Graph Library using ML Functors}}, booktitle = {The Eighth Symposium on Trends in Functional Programming}, year = 2007, address = {New York, USA}, month = apr, topics = {team, lri}, type_publi = {icolcomlec}, abstract = { This paper details the design and implementation of Ocamlgraph A highly generic graph library for the programming language Ocaml. This library features a large set of graph data structures---directed or undirected, with or without labels on vertices and edges, as persistent or mutable data structures, etc.---and a large set of graph algorithms. Algorithms are written independently from graph data structures, which allows combining user data structure (resp. algorithm) with Ocamlgraph algorithm (resp. data structure). Genericity is obtained through massive use of the Ocaml module system and its functions, the so-called functors.}, url = {http://www.lri.fr/~conchon/publis/ocamlgraph-tfp07.ps} }

@inproceedings{ConchonFilliatre06b, author = {Sylvain Conchon and Jean-Christophe Filli\^atre}, title = {{Union-Find Persistant}}, booktitle = {Dix-huiti\`emes Journ\'ees Francophones des Langages Applicatifs}, year = 2007, address = {Aix-les-bains, France}, publisher = {INRIA}, url = {http://www.lri.fr/~filliatr/ftp/publis/puf.ps.gz}, abstract = { Le probl\`eme des classes disjointes, connu sous le nom de union-find, consiste \`a maintenir dans une structure de donn\'ees une partition d'un ensemble fini. Cette structure fournit deux op\'erations : une fonction find d\'eterminant la classe d'un \'el\'ement et une fonction union r\'eunissant deux classes. Une solution optimale et imp\'erative, due \`a Tarjan, est connue depuis longtemps. Cependant, le caract\`ere imp\'eratif de cette structure de donn\'ees devient g\^enant lorsqu'elle est utilis\'ee dans un contexte o\`u s'effectuent des retours en arri\`ere (backtracking). Nous pr\'esentons dans cet article une version persistante de union-find dont la complexit\'e est comparable \`a celle de la solution imp\'erative. Pour obtenir cette efficacit\'e, notre solution utilise massivement des traits imp\'eratifs. C'est pourquoi nous pr\'esentons \'egalement une preuve formelle de correction, pour s'assurer notamment du caract\`ere persistant de cette solution. } }

@inproceedings{ConchonFilliatre06, author = {Jean-Christophe Filli\^atre and Sylvain Conchon}, title = {{Type-Safe Modular Hash-Consing}}, booktitle = {ACM SIGPLAN Workshop on ML}, address = {Portland, Oregon}, month = {September}, year = 2006, url = {http://www.lri.fr/~filliatr/ftp/publis/hash-consing2.ps.gz}, abstract = { Hash-consing is a technique to share values that are structurally equal. Beyond the obvious advantage of saving memory blocks, hash-consing may also be used to speedup fundamental operations and data structures by several orders of magnitude when sharing is maximal. This paper introduces an Ocaml hash-consing library that encapsulates hash-consed terms in an abstract datatype, thus safely ensuring maximal sharing. This library is also parameterized by an equality that allows the user to identify terms according to an arbitrary equivalence relation.} }

@article{conchon-krstic-06, author = {Sylvain Conchon and Sava Krsti{\'c}}, title = {Strategies for combining decision procedures}, journal = {Theoretical Computer Science}, volume = {354}, number = {2}, year = {2006}, issn = {0304-3975}, pages = {187--210}, doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tcs.2005.11.025}, publisher = {Elsevier Science Publishers Ltd.}, address = {Essex, UK} }

@inproceedings{ConchonFilliatreSignoles05, author = {Sylvain Conchon and Jean-Christophe Filli\^atre and Julien Signoles}, title = {Le foncteur sonne toujours deux fois}, booktitle = {Seizi\`emes Journ\'ees Francophones des Langages Applicatifs}, month = mar, year = 2005, publisher = {INRIA}, url = {http://www.lri.fr/~filliatr/ftp/publis/jfla05.ps.gz}, abstract = { Cet article pr\'esente Ocamlgraph, une biblioth\`eque g\'en\'erique de graphes pour le langage de programmation Ocaml. L'originalit\'e de cette biblioth\`eque est de proposer d'une part un grand nombre de structures de donn\'ees diff\'erentes pour repr\'esenter les graphes --- graphes orient\'es ou non, structures persistantes ou modifi\'ees en place, sommets et arcs avec ou sans \'etiquettes, marques sur les sommets, etc. --- et d'autre part des algorithmes sur les graphes \'ecrits ind\'ependamment de la structure de donn\'ees repr\'esentant les graphes. Le codage de ces deux aspects originaux a \'et\'e rendu possible par une utilisation massive du syst\`eme de modules d'Ocaml et notamment de ses fonctions, les foncteurs. } }

@article{krstic-conchon-05, author = {Sava Krsti{\'c} and Sylvain Conchon}, title = {Canonization for disjoint unions of theories}, journal = {Information and Computation}, volume = {199}, month = {May}, year = {2005}, pages = {87--106}, number = {1-2} }

@inproceedings{krstic-conchon-02, author = {Sava Krsti{\'c} and Sylvain Conchon}, title = {Canonization for Disjoint Unions of Theories}, booktitle = {Proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Automated Deduction (CADE-19)}, editor = {Franz Baader}, address = {Miami Beach, FL, USA}, publisher = {Springer Verlag}, series = {Lecture Notes in Computer Science}, volume = {2741}, month = jul, year = {2003}, url = {http://www.lri.fr/~conchon/publis/krstic-conchon.ps.gz}, abstract = {If there exist efficient procedures (canonizers) for reducing terms of two first-order theories to canonical form, can one use them to construct such a procedure for terms of the disjoint union of the two theories? We prove this is possible whenever the original theories are convex. As an application, we prove that algorithms for solving equations in the two theories (solvers) cannot be combined in a similar fashion. These results are relevant to the widely used Shostak's method for combining decision procedures for theories. They provide the first rigorous answers to the questions about the possibility to directly combine canonizers and solvers.} }

@inproceedings{conchon-krstic-02, author = {Sylvain Conchon and Sava Krsti{\'c}}, title = {Strategies for Combining Decision Procedures}, booktitle = {Proceedings of the 9th Tools and Algorithms for the Construction and Analysis of Systems (TACAS'03)}, address = {Warsaw, Poland}, publisher = {Springer Verlag}, series = {Lecture Notes in Computer Science}, volume = {2619}, pages = {537--553}, month = apr, year = {2003}, url = {http://www.lri.fr/~conchon/publis/conchon-krstic.ps.gz}, abstract = { Implementing efficient algorithms for combining decision procedures has been a challenge and their correctness precarious. In this paper we describe an inference system that has the classical Nelson-Oppen procedure at its core and includes several optimizations: variable abstraction with sharing, canonization of terms at the theory level, and Shostak's streamlined generation of new equalities for theories with solvers. The transitions of our system are fine-grained enough to model most of the mechanisms currently used in designing combination procedures. In particular, with a simple language of regular expressions we are able to describe several combination algorithms as strategies for our inference system, from the basic Nelson-Oppen to the very highly optimized one recently given by Shankar and Ruess. Presenting the basic system at a high level of generality and non-determinism allows transparent correctness proofs that can be extended in a modular fashion whenever a new feature is introduced in the system. Similarly, the correctness proof of any new strategy requires only minimal additional proof effort.} }

@inproceedings{conchon-02, author = {Sylvain Conchon}, title = {Modular Information Flow Analysis for Process Calculi}, booktitle = {Proceedings of the Foundations of Computer Security Workshop (FCS 2002)}, editor = {Iliano Cervesato}, month = jul, address = {Copenhagen, Denmark}, year = {2002}, url = {http://www.lri.fr/~conchon/publis/conchon-fcs02.ps.gz}, abstract = {We present a framework to extend, in a modular way, the type systems of process calculi with information-flow annotations that ensure a noninterference property based on weak barbed bisimulation. Our method of adding security annotations readily supports modern typing features, such as polymorphism and type reconstruction, together with a noninterference proof. Furthermore, the new systems thus obtained can detect, for instance, information flow caused by contentions on distributed resources, which are not detected in a satisfactory way by using testing equivalences.} }

@inproceedings{conchon-pottier-01, author = {Sylvain Conchon and Fran\c{c}ois Pottier}, title = {{JOIN(X)}: Constraint-Based Type Inference for the Join-Calculus}, booktitle = {Proceedings of the 10th European Symposium on Programming (ESOP'01)}, editor = {David Sands}, address = {Genova, Italy}, publisher = {Springer Verlag}, series = {Lecture Notes in Computer Science}, volume = {2028}, pages = {221--236}, month = apr, year = {2001}, url = {http://www.lri.fr/~conchon/publis/conchon-fpottier-esop01.ps.gz}, abstract = {We present a generic constraint-based type system for the join-calculus. The key issue is type generalization, which, in the presence of concurrency, must be restricted. We first define a liberal generalization criterion, and prove it correct. Then, we find that it hinders type inference, and propose a cruder one, reminiscent of ML's \emph{value restriction}. We establish type safety using a \emph{semi-syntactic} technique, which we believe is of independent interest. It consists in interpreting typing judgements as (sets of) judgements in an underlying system, which itself is given a syntactic soundness proof. This hybrid approach allows giving pleasant logical meaning to high-level notions such as type variables, constraints and generalization, and clearly separating them from low-level aspects (substitution lemmas, etc.), which are dealt with in a simple, standard way.} }

@inproceedings{pottier-conchon-icfp-00, author = {Fran\c{c}ois Pottier and Sylvain Conchon}, title = {Information Flow Inference for Free}, booktitle = {Proceedings of the the Fifth {ACM} {SIGPLAN} International Conference on Functional Programming (ICFP'00)}, url = {http://www.lri.fr/~conchon/publis/fpottier-conchon-icfp00.ps.gz}, month = sep, year = {2000}, pages = {46--57}, address = {Montr\'eal, Canada}, abstract = {This paper shows how to systematically extend an arbitrary type system with dependency information, and how the new system's soundness and non-interference proofs may rely upon, rather than duplicate, the original system's soundness proof. This allows enriching virtually any of the type systems known today with information flow analysis, while requiring only a minimal proof effort. Our approach is based on an untyped operational semantics for a labelled calculus akin to core ML. Thus, it is simple, and should be applicable to other computing paradigms, such as object or process calculi. The paper also discusses access control, and shows it may be viewed as entirely independent of information flow control. Letting the two mechanisms coexist, without interacting, yields a simple and expressive type system, which allows, in particular, ``selective'' declassification.} }

@inproceedings{conchon-le-fessant-99, title = {Jocaml: Mobile Agents for {Objective-Caml}}, author = {Sylvain Conchon and Fabrice Le Fessant}, booktitle = {First International Symposium on Agent Systems and Applications and Third International Symposium on Mobile Agents (ASA/MA'99)}, address = {Palm Springs, California}, year = {1999}, month = oct, pages = {22--29}, url = {http://www.lri.fr/~conchon/publis/conchon-lefessant-asama99.ps.gz}, abstract = {Jocaml is a system for mobile agents built inside the Objective-Caml language. Jocaml eases the development of concurrent, distributed and mobile agent based applications, by expressing useful distribution abstractions using a small set of simple but powerful primitives taken from the Join-Calculus\cite{FG96}. The system provides total transparency for migration, application states (after migration, all threads resume their execution in the state before migration), communications (communication channels with other agents are kept during migration) and composition (sub-agents migrate with their parent agent). Other features of the Jocaml system are mobile objects with transparent remote method invocation, distributed garbage collection, failure detection and execution efficiency. Jocaml has already been used in several applications, such as a mobile editor, some distributed games and a distributed implementation of Ambients\cite{CG98}. This paper describes the Jocaml programming model and language, its current implementation and some interesting applications.} }

@inproceedings{conchon-lan-electre-99, title = {Synchrone/Asynchrone: une vue d'Electre}, author = {Sylvain Conchon}, booktitle = {Rapport de recherche 99.04}, address = {IRCyN}, year = {1999}, month = feb, pages = {28 pages} }

@inproceedings{conchon-lan-coalgebre-99, title = {Alg\`ebres et Coalg\`ebres}, author = {Sylvain Conchon}, booktitle = {Rapport de recherche 99.05}, address = {IRCyN}, year = {1999}, month = feb, pages = {18 pages} }

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